Any Monstera Deliciosa plant has the potential to develop ever-larger leaves on any given vine. Usually, they just keep vining out with small, heart-shaped leaves with the odd fenestration if you're lucky but it's all a matter of strategy.
The main considerations are light, nutrients, and aerial root usage. It is also said that cutting away the smaller leaves as it grows encourages bigger, more fenestrated leaves to grow. The one most people ignore is the roots... However you can, guide the roots into a medium that provides moisture and ideally nutrients. This can be accomplished by coaxing it up a thick moss pole and moistening the pole, but that's not really necessary. Unlike most Monstera species, Monstera Deliciosa doesn't really care if it climbs or not. Given good conditions it will keep putting out bigger and more beautiful leaves almost exponentially until they reach a foot or more across.